Getting Back on Track: A Working Program for a New Era in Israel

previous section: National Security Work Plan

Wake-Up Call - A Work Plan for a New Era in Israel

Dan Ben-David

Socio-Civic Work Plan

Strong socio-economic foundations are a necessary condition for national security.  The fact that Israel is at the forefront of human knowledge in many fields tends to obscure the cold reality that beneath all this – the country’s basic socio-economic foundations have been steadily deteriorating over the past three decades:

·       Average living standards in Israel have been steadily falling farther and farther behind western leaders since the 1970’s.  This trend is not consistent with Israel becoming the country of choice either for Jews abroad or for a growing number of Israelis with alternatives.

·       Poverty levels in Israel have been steadily increasing since the 1970’s.  Over a third of the families in the country now live below the poverty line according to their gross incomes.

·       Income inequality is already among the highest in the West, while its steady increase since the 1970’s show no sign of abatement.

These trends only serve to exacerbate and fuel existent social rifts in a variety of spheres – Jewish-Arab, religious-secular, and inter-ethnic tensions. 

Continuation along these trajectories threatens Israel’s future existence.  Pure and simple.

Modern, open and competitive markets are key to getting the country back on track.  However, in contrast to the prevailing mindsets of too many policy-makers in Israel, this by no means implies that laws governing free markets are synonymous with the laws of the jungle, in which the strong devour the weak with impunity.  The government has an important responsibility to build the essential physical and human infrastructures and to efficiently provide the necessary services in order to overcome inevitable market failures and shortcomings.


¬      Increasing employment.

¬      Reducing social rifts and economic gaps.

¬      Raising living standards while improving the quality of life and the environment.

¬      Increasing the rate of economic growth, raising productivity and improving competitiveness.

¬      Providing equal opportunities for women.

¬      Fully integrating minorities.

¬      Strengthening the middle class.

¬      Providing a safety net for the elderly and the disabled.

¬      Strengthening the Negev and the Galilee.

¬      Significantly reducing the number of casualties in traffic accidents.

Policies Required for Achieving the Objectives

1.     Changing National Priorities in the Allocation of Budgets

The time has come to puncture the public illusion that the State of Israel does not have sufficient funds to adequately take care of business.  Not everything here is going to defense – though it is true that too much is being wasted on defense in the absence of adequate transparency and public oversight. However, there is more than enough left over for civilian purposes.

Even after excluding defense spending, civilian public expenditure in Israel is higher than the average for Western countries.  In other words, there is no lack of money – and for a long time now there hasn’t been a lack of money – in terms of non-defense, civilian, expenditures that could have been utilized to prevent the deterioration that has occurred over the past three decades in the socio-economic realm.  It is all a matter of priorities.  Furthermore, the inherent lack of transparency in the entire budget has contributed to an irrational and inefficient distribution of public funds.

The time has come for a thorough change of how we view this country’s budget.  The concept of “public funds” has long since lost its meaning.  We work hard for our income and are required to hand over a large portion of it to the state.  This money is ours – we should never forget to whom it belongs – and it is entrusted to public representatives to be redistributed according to national, as opposed to nationalistic, considerations rather than narrow personal and sectoral interests.

The national budget needs to be restructured from the top down, according to the budgetary requirements derived from the new national priorities detailed in this Work Plan:

·       Allocation of funding to all the education systems – the national, the national-religious, the Arab and ultra-orthodox – according to identical, clear and transparent criteria, will make it possible to channel increased assistance to the needy and reduce the gaps. The reform proposed here (in the Education Work Plan below) will lead to more efficient use of the education budget and will significantly improve the system’s performance.

·       Implementation of a strategic program for increasing employment, including a change in the incentive structure and increased investment in physical infrastructure (the program is detailed in the following section).

·       In addition, giving budgetary priority to:

-       The Negev and the Galilee, rather than to areas that will not be part of a Jewish-democratic state in the future.

-       Strengthening the welfare system on the basis of assistance only to the needy.

-       Improved law-enforcement (discussed further in the Governance Work Plan).

-       Implementation of a comprehensive national traffic safety program (detailed in the relevant section below).

-       Effective protection of the environment (detailed in the relevant section below).

-       Encouraging research and development.

·       Reduction of the public sector:

-       Reducing the number of government ministries from 22 to 10 (discussed further in the Governance Work Plan).

-       Merging local authorities.

-       Abolishing superfluous and wasteful bureaucracy in the public sector.

-       Increasing efficiency, transparency and government oversight in the military, and cutting the currently inflated defense budget by 10%.

·       An uncompromising campaign against the underground, and unreported, economy (discussed further in the Governance Work Plan). This is an important step in the war on crime, in augmenting the government’s tax income, and in equalizing the bearing of the tax burden.

·       A significant increase in budgetary transparency, so that the public will be able to see what the actual national priorities are – as they are reflected in actual budget allocations – rather than having to believe declarations as to the national priorities.

·       Reducing public expenditures to enable reduction of the tax burden and the national debt. Israel’s middle class is ladened with an extremely heavy tax burden. Of every additional shekel that an employer spends on an employee in the sixth income decile (i.e. middle income), the government receives approximately two-thirds and the employee is left with only a third of that extra shekel. The tax burden affects living standards, the willingness to work – and in some cases, the willingness to remain in Israel for those whose skills provide them with other alternatives.  Indirect taxes, such as VAT, also constitute a heavier burden in Israel than in most Western countries.  This is a regressive tax that affects primarily the poor, who spend all of their money on consumption.

2.     Increasing Employment and Wages

In no area is the “patchwork” method more evident than in the government’s employment policy.  The country is long past due a strategic economic program targeted at increasing employment and raising wages. Such a program entails:

·       Restructuring the current mix of work versus non-work incentives:

-       A large part of the assistance (for healthy, working-age people) should be given in the form of work incentives. There is a need to replace non-work incentives (such as child allowances) with work incentives (such as tax credits for care of dependents – be they children, disabled, ill or elderly), including the introduction of a negative income tax for those with low incomes.

-       The time has come to synchronize and streamline the country’s multiple tax and aid programs. The government has no idea regarding the total income of a large segment of Israel’s families.  In order to ascertain who really needs state assistance and the extent of the assistance actually given by all the public agencies, there is a need to bring order to the following two spheres:

o        All family income from all sources must be combined, the taxation system needs to be simplified considerably, and a compulsory tax return on annual incomes instituted for every household – making each Israeli adult legally accountable for the amount declared.  These measures will make it possible to determine who is really in need of welfare assistance.  They will broaden the tax base, increase the number of shoulders bearing the tax burden, and lighten the load on those currently bearing it.

o          All public subsidies and other forms of assistance need to be combined and to originate from one source only – and they must be distributed according to clear, transparent criteria that are identical for all sectors and populations in the country.  Assistance to individuals and households should be provided primarily according to socio-economic status, state of health, etc. A necessary condition for providing assistance to businesses is that the social return from the support outweigh the firm’s private rate of return.

·       Establishing an integrated system of supplemental adult education, vocational training and job placement attuned to the needs of the economy.

This new system should comprise a number of spheres, each with its own target clientele and goals, which nevertheless complement one another. The first sphere focuses on the providing an opportunity for upgrading basic knowledge. The second sphere concentrates on upgrading professional skills, and the third sphere integrates the upgraded knowledge and skills with job placement.

-       “Second Chance” Program for Supplemental Adult Education

The role of the supplemental education system is to provide a general core level of human capital for those adults who dropped out of the education system as children, and for new immigrants who did not receive secondary education in their country of origin – making it possible for them to improve their income-earning ability.  Because of the general nature of these studies, they should be provided by the state. The goal is to enable as many students as possible to complete high-school equivalency levels and exams.  Hence, participation in the program should not be conditional upon the student’s employment situation.

Raising the basic level of knowledge of the Israeli worker is of major importance not only to the employee but also to society as a whole. The studies should thus be subsidized – both directly and in the form of long-term loans with subsidized interest rates – so as to accommodate anyone who wishes to exploit this second chance to climb back on to the educational ladder.

-       Vocational Training

Involvement of employers in vocational training contributes to a raising of the rate of employment.  Colleges should be encouraged to establish technological training centers in partnership with employers and with government support.  Participation of the business sector in this initiative is of special importance. The centers should offer modular training programs to technicians and practical engineers, short training courses, and other vocational programs. The training of technicians, practical engineers and those with other vocations should include an apprenticeship period that will provide practical experience in a private business.

-       Job Placement System

The job placement system in Israel must undergo fundamental change, which includes privatization (to a certain extent, the process would appear to have begun recently, but the intended goal is only to fulfill part of what such a system should really provide). The state should enter into contractual relationships with private companies for limited periods – along with supervision and monitoring of performance and the option of withholding payment and imposing fines should the companies fail to meet the conditions – and grant performance-related bonuses. The job placement centers need to be established on a regional basis, with each regional center specializing in areas that reflect the characteristics of the local population and employers, thereby enabling individual attention to be given as far as possible.

The role of the center will be to find, offer and recommend different alternatives to each client: supplemental education, vocational training and/or immediate job search. The center should accompany the client along the entire track chosen by the individual up to the stage of finding a job and then continuing for a defined period thereafter. The client will be able to benefit from the professional knowledge and the experience accumulated by the center in matching skills and preferences to current possibilities.

The placement centers will be compensated according to their rates of success in making placements and the length of time during which the worker is employed.  Unlike the Israeli version of the “Wisconsin Works” program that is currently being piloted, if the client chooses the supplemental education track or the vocational training track, the center will be rewarded according to the student’s measure of success upon completion of each individually-structured section of the program. The center’s compensation will be determined according to a scale constructed by a committee of experts at the national level.  The success-based scale ensures that the center will make a serious effort to direct the client to the most suitable track and not necessarily direct the client straight to the placement track.

·       A significant reduction in the cumbersome bureaucratic procedures that lead to superfluous costs and huge amounts of unnecessary red tape all along the seam running between the public sector and the business and households sectors.  The easier it will become to set up and run a business in Israel, the faster the increase in employment rates and income levels.

·       Longer school days and afternoon enrichment programs for children and youngsters will enable more parents to look for work (further discussion in the Education Work Plan).

·       Equal opportunities for women and minority groups in receiving training, finding work, promotion and wages (details in the relevant sections).

·       A significant reduction in the number of non-Israeli workers.

·       Substantial upgrading of the transportation infrastructure in order to:

-       Increase the accessibility of urban jobs to those residing in the periphery.

-       Reduce production costs, thereby increasing the competitiveness of Israeli businesses, which in turn will increase employment.

-       Reduce physical and social gaps between the different areas of the country.

·       Enact legislation determining that anyone receiving a service is accountable for ensuring that the employee who provides the service – be he employed directly or through an employment agency – receives the payment and conditions to which he is entitled by law.

·       Amend the dismissal compensation law to create symmetry between flexibility for employers and mobility for employees.

·       Enhance Israel’s current position as one of the world’s technology leaders, thereby increasing its attractiveness for foreign investments and raising its level of competitiveness.

3.     Welfare Policy

The State of Israel is responsible not only for providing the tools and conditions that ensure equal opportunities in employment, but also for providing a basic social safety net for those unable to tend for themselves. The state is obliged to:

·       Ensure the regular supply of medical services to all its residents, including – among others – adequate nursing services, medication baskets, and hospital beds.

·       Ensure that social security payments provide respectable living standards for the elderly, the disabled and others unable to contend in a competitive economy.  To minimize the prevalence of these problems in the future, the State must enact legislation making saving in pension plans and disability insurance mandatory for all incomes above a specified threshold.

·       Enable true equality of opportunity in education – by increasing budgets if necessary – for all pupils so that they can fully utilize their potential.  What we won’t spend on education today we’ll spend, with compounded interest, in the future on welfare.

Voluntary organizations play a very important role in providing aid.  But even if this aid is given generously, it does not reduce the need for a national perspective that leads to systemic planning, budgeting and monitoring at the national level.  This is one of the core issues that comprise the realm of the government’s responsibility and accountability.

4.     Equal Opportunities for Women and Men

Women in Israel are not fully integrated into the labor market or into the political and economic leadership of the country. The primary impediments in this regard are a mix of social and religious obstacles together with pure discrimination that prevent women from attaining their true potential. To rectify this situation, the government must implement an integrated policy in the following areas:

·       Constant efforts towards increasing representation of women in all the major decision-making spheres – political, economic and managerial – in accordance with their abilities and their share in the population.

·       More efficient enforcement of laws prohibiting discrimination.

·       Initiatives within the education system:

-       Education towards equality – with respect to childcare and household chores on the one hand, and with respect to professional aspirations and their fulfillment on the other.

-       Encouraging girls to study technological subjects.

-       Training young leadership.

·       Establishing centers to assist women in setting up and running independent businesses.

Arab women in Israel are subject to dual discrimination – as women and as Arabs.  Their rate of participation in the labor market is extremely low, resulting not only from their low educational level and the lack of available employment, but also because of traditional norms that limit women’s mobility, their freedom to choose a place of work that suits them, or even to go out to work.  Providing encouragement and support for Arab women to enter the labor force is an important vehicle for improving their collective standing as a group and is a primary means for improving the standard of living and reducing the high rate of poverty among Israeli Arabs. The willingness and ability of Arab women to work is closely related to their level of education.

5.     Israel and its Communities

A.      Religion and State

The Kinneret Declaration, which defines a broad core of agreement regarding Israel’s character as a Jewish-democratic state, states:

“Israel is the home to secular, traditional and religious Jews.  The growing alienation of these groups from one another is dangerous and destructive. We, secular, traditional, and religious Jews, each recognize the contribution of the others to the physical and spiritual existence of the Jewish people. We believe that Jewish tradition has an important place in the public sphere and in the public aspects of the life of the country, but that the state must not impose religious norms on the private life of the individual. Disagreements over matters of religion and state should be resolved through discussion, without insult and incitement, by legal and democratic means, and out of respect for one’s neighbor.”

“We are one people.  We share one past and one destiny.  Despite disagreements and differences of worldview among us, we are all committed to the continuity of the Jewish people and to ensuring the future of the State of Israel.”

·       The Jewish nature of the state is measured not only by the size of the Jewish population, but also by its link to Jewish culture and moral behavior.  We are currently witnessing a widening of the rift and mutual delegitimization between the ultra-orthodox Jewish community and the rest of the Jewish public, with the ultra-orthodox public feeling threatened, closing ranks and becoming more extreme.  This is a dangerous process that must be stopped before it picks up steam.  There is no room in Israeli public life for discordant tones denouncing an entire section of the population and calling for its rejection by the rest of Israeli society.

·       The formula for mutual cohabitation can be found in the rule “live and let live”.  Each person is endowed with the right to freedom of religion and the right to integrate religion in everyday life as they see fit and according to their personal world view.  A basic tenet of Israel’s democracy requires that each one of us respect the religious decisions of our fellow citizens, as long as this does not jeopardize anyone’s basic human and civil rights.

-       Just as the state recognizes civil, non-religious, marriages held beyond its borders, it should allow anyone who so wishes to have a civil marriage within its borders.  The right of all citizens to marry legally in the country must be guaranteed, by means of a change in the law if necessary.

-       The chief rabbinate should alleviate, to the extent possible, the process required for those wishing to convert to Judaism.

-       The law enabling non-religious burial should be put into practice in all parts of the country.

·       As long as Israel remains in danger, all its citizens, be they secular, religious or ultra-orthodox, must serve their country, either doing military service (the first preference) or civilian service to the community and the state.

B.     Immigrants

Over the past two decades Israel has been blessed with over a million new immigrants – mainly from the former Soviet Union and Ethiopia – who have decided to share their fate with us. The children of these immigrants serve in the IDF with the children of the native-born and share the same school desks with them.  We all shoulder the tax burden together – and it goes without saying that terrorists do not distinguish between the countries of origin of their victims.

It is high time for this partnership to be reflected more fully in our society.  There are several areas in particular that affect the former immigrants which require special attention on the part of the state. These include:

·       Improving the lot of the weaker groups among the immigrants, first and foremost the pensioners and those in need of public housing.

·       Ensuring that the status quo in religious matters does not jeopardize the immigrants’ rights (as detailed in the section “Religion and State”).

C.     The Druze

The Israeli Druze and the Jewish people are partners in a covenant forged in blood that began before the State of Israel was established. The Druze took upon themselves the full range of national obligations, military service in particular, and are entitled to all the rights, from both the ideological perspective – providing full expression to the fact that the Druze are an integral part of the country – and from a practical perspective, with equal distribution of the national budget to education, to public support for the Druze towns and villages, and equality of opportunity in education, welfare and in the labor market.

D.     Arabs

The Arab population in Israel has for many years been subject to neglect and to deliberate discrimination on the part of state institutions with regard to allocation of resources, investment in infrastructure, encouragement of entrepreneurship, and integration of Arab workers in the workplace. These institutional shortcomings do not resonate very loudly within part of the Jewish public, some of whom view discrimination against Arabs in the employment sphere as legitimate practice.

The employment characteristics of the Arab population clearly indicate longstanding difficulties and are reflected in socio-economic gaps between Jews and Arabs that are not closing.  Compared to Jews, Arabs have a lower level of education, their rate of participation in the labor force is lower, their rate of unemployment is higher, and many of the Arab laborers work in low-skill occupations. Their income is lower and their employment uncertainty is higher

The starting point for any action aimed at improving the situation must be the commitment of Israeli society (and its governing institutions) to the principles of justice and equality for all its citizens.  We need to adopt a policy based on the following principles:

·       Equalizing education levels in the Arab population with those of the Jewish population – as an essential means of creating equal initial conditions in the labor market.  The key point in this context are:

-       Support through special assistance programs (such as implementation of longer school days, aid at the small group level in preparing homework, exposure to computer-related technologies, databases in the schools and community centers) in order to compensate for insufficient resources and to ensure that students receive an opportunity to attain the necessary achievement levels for entering a dynamic, competitive and modern labor market.

-       Expansion of employment opportunities for educated Israeli Arabs.

·       Implement policies designed to enhance development in the Arab sector, with an emphasis on industrialization and entrepreneurship. This includes creation of regional industrial parks shared by Jews and Arabs (with joint management).

·       In an era of high-speed communication, it is possible to employ a low-skilled labor force – such as typists and telephone operators – within the Arab towns, without them having to be physically present in the plants or the head offices of the companies employing them.  That said, it is nonetheless essential that the education and skill levels of these employees be upgraded so as to enable them to realize more of their potential.

·       Promotion and development of tourism in Arab settlements with historic, cultural, or scenic tourist potential.

·       Removing obstructions to the integration of Arabs in the labor market by:

-       Developing occupations requiring high-level skills in Arab towns.

-       Implementing a consistent policy aimed at removing obstructions inhibiting Arab employment outside their towns and villages.

·       Equality of rights and other civil conditions also requires equality of obligations, including the obligation to serve one’s country – exactly like the Jewish population – in the form of military service or national civilian service.

6.     Reforming the Health System

Israel is a country that allows its first world doctors to be overshadowed by a third world managerial culture that abandons our loved ones to subsistence as vagabonds in hospital corridors during their weakest hours, that deserts them with budgets that move intensive care and national medicine baskets downward on the budget prioritization ladder, that creates large gaps in the quality of medical equipment around the country.  This is a country that, given the amount of money that it spends on health, should have looked substantially different at the dawn of the 21st century. The health system is in need of general reform, which should focus on the following goals:

·       Better utilization of health-related budgets.

·       Better utilization of the workforce engaged in providing medical services.

·       Expansion of the medication basket.

·       Increasing the number of hospital beds in general, and the number of beds in intensive care units in particular.

·       Upgrading the medical equipment in peripheral areas.

7.     Protecting the Environment and the Quality of Life

In light of the rapid population growth in an area with few natural resources, in a long and narrow country, 60% of which is desert and 40% of which is reserved for use by the IDF (mostly in the desert region), there is an urgent need for systemic planning of national infrastructures in areas such as: provision of water and maintaining its quality, drainage and sewage systems, national and municipal transportation systems, a solution to the problems of waste management, and a long list of infrastructure-related topics that touch on the environment.

An incredible amount of damage has already been inflicted upon Israel’s water supplies: salination and pollution of the aquifers as well as pollution of rivers, lakes and the sea. The consequences begin with health hazards that have a clear affect on our quality of life – with recurring manifestations of this, such as the deteriorating health of former (many now deceased) naval commandos who trained in the Kishon river, the poisoning of the Maccabiah participants who fell into the Yarkon river, carcinogenic poisons emitted from old industrial plants that led to the closing of wells and parking lots in Tel Aviv’s Nahalat Yitzhak neighborhood, the flow of untreated sewage from the center of the country into the Mediterranean which pollutes the beaches and poisons the fish, and many other examples – and ultimately end with a tremendous economic price.

In a country in which a sizeable portion of the national output depends on tourism, it is difficult to reconcile the contradiction between third world environmental policies and the hope of attracting first world tourists.  The air and water pollution is reflected in substantial economic costs, and it is inconceivable that this burden be placed upon the public’s shoulders rather than on those plants and businesses that cause the pollution.  The cost of this “externality” – as this phenomenon is called in economics – can be calculated and imposed directly on those who pollute. Anyone wishing to do business in Israel must internalize environmental concerns as an integral part of the production process in this country.  Serious enforcement and credible deterrence are indispensable for protecting the environment, but constant education from early childhood is the most effective tool for permanently uprooting the pollution affliction from Israeli society. 

The emphasis should be placed on sustainable development alongside environmental protection – including protection of the spectrum ranging from areas with natural beauty to sites with historic and/or religious value and content – with the goal of preserving these for future generations. To this end, Israel must:

·       Protect the independence, professionalism and standing of the country’s planning system.

·       Increase the scope of desalination so that Israel will be entirely independent of its neighbors regarding the supply of water.  The size of the country’s population and its rate of growth are known – which in turn implies that the extent of current and future water needs are known. Furthermore, the quantity of water in the subterranean reservoirs, lakes and rivers is known, as is the amount of rain that can be expected to fall over any given period that includes the average number of arid and rainy years.  In short, it is possible to calculate with a fair degree of precision Israel’s future water demands and supplies.

In this regard, the current intention to import water from Turkey rather than to desalinate is problematic since importing water is both more expensive and contradicts the objective of achieving independence in the supply of water.

A large amount of the water should be allocated to reviving Israel’s rivers and springs.

·       Investment heavily in public transportation, particularly in environmentally friendly rail transport, to improve mobility between the periphery and the center of the country, and accessibility to and within the cities.

·       The large majority of the country’s population lives in the cities. Safeguarding the urban environment and preservation of vital open areas, requires developing and reinforcing existing cities and towns.

·       Preserve agriculture and agricultural areas, which play an important role in protecting the environment and constitute the “green lungs” of Israel.

·       Industrial parks and business centers are an important source of income for local authorities.  These should be concentrated on a regional basis in order to serve several districts simultaneously and situated close to the cities containing most of the workforce. New laws need to be passed in order to enable an equitable distribution of income from these business areas to the neighboring districts in a way that will make the areas economically feasible and financially attractive for all concerned

·       Invest in education to raise awareness and develop environmental leadership among the public in general and the youth in particular.

·       Design and implement a comprehensive energy plan for the country that blends efficiency with the utilization of environmentally friendly and sustainable energy sources.

·       Adopt a clear and firm environmental policy. Implement progressive standards regarding the various environmental issues, and allocate appropriate resources to public relations, education, monitoring, and enforcement of environmental laws and planning.

·       Play an active role in preventing and minimizing regional and global environmental hazards while adopting and implementing international agreements for protection of the environment.

Keeping Israel clean and beautiful must become the national motto.  Our national consciousness must internalize that this not simply an issue of esthetics but one of national health – literally and figuratively.

8.     War on Traffic Accidents

Since 1990, approximately 500 people have been killed each year on Israel’s roads.  In a country with less than 7 million people, there have been over 7,000 deaths during the years 1990-2003.  During these years, 542,000 people were injured, 48,000 of them seriously.

The time has come for a major change in the way that we deal with the prevention of traffic accidents.  The prime minister and the entire cabinet need to become personally responsible for the war on traffic accidents and must be held publicly accountable for the results. This responsibility will be expressed in:

·       Announcement of measurable multi-year goals together with a public commitment by the prime minister to achieve these goals and to provide fully transparent ongoing reports on these efforts.

·       Establishment of a central authority – comprised of renowned professionals – which will coordinate the inter-ministerial activity, authorize the utilization of budgets and be responsible for setting standards.

·       Adoption of a multi-year national plan anchored in law. Among its primary objectives:

-       Construction of a much safer road infrastructure that takes into account human engineering considerations as reflected in clear road signs and markings, safe highway curves, sufficient vantage ranges at intersections, wider shoulders for incapacitated vehicles, physical barriers between opposing traffic lanes and illumination of dangerous roads and intersections.

-       Defensive driving courses – with state-of-the art material – must become part of the core curriculum in all high schools.  Such courses must be compulsory for all adults wishing to obtain a driver’s license and for repeat traffic offenders.

-       Utilization of state-of-the-art technology for enforcement and deterrence, particularly with regard to the type offences linked with serious accidents rather than the current practice of focusing on offences that are easy to detect but which contribute little to accidents.

-       Determination of mandatory standards for advanced safety systems used by commercial fleets and public vehicles.

-       Formulation of a uniform judicial policy for traffic courts to reduce the considerable variance in sentencing for identical offences.

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